kubernetes-1.10部署文档

系统环境初始化

1.安装Docker

第一步:使用国内Docker源

[root@linux-node1 ~]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
[root@linux-node1 yum.repos.d]# wget \
 https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo

第二步:Docker安装:

[root@linux-node1 ~]# yum install -y docker-ce

第三步:启动后台进程:

[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl start docker

2.准备部署目录

    mkdir -p /opt/kubernetes/{cfg,bin,ssl,log}

3.准备软件包

百度网盘下载地址:
https://pan.baidu.com/s/1zs8sCouDeCQJ9lghH1BPiw

4.解压软件包

 # tar zxf kubernetes.tar.gz 
 # tar zxf kubernetes-server-linux-amd64.tar.gz 
 # tar zxf kubernetes-client-linux-amd64.tar.gz
 # tar zxf kubernetes-node-linux-amd64.tar.gz

5.配置内核参数

[root@linux-node1 ~]vim /etc/sysctl.conf
net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6 = 1
net.ipv6.conf.default.disable_ipv6 = 1
net.ipv6.conf.lo.disable_ipv6 = 1

vm.swappiness = 0
net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_stale_time=120
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1

# see details in https://help.aliyun.com/knowledge_detail/39428.html
net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter=0
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter=0
net.ipv4.conf.default.arp_announce = 2
net.ipv4.conf.lo.arp_announce=2
net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_announce=2


# see details in https://help.aliyun.com/knowledge_detail/41334.html
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 5000
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 1024
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 2
kernel.sysrq = 1

# iptables透明网桥的实现
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-arptables = 1

手动制作CA证书

1.安装 CFSSL

[root@linux-node1 ~]# cd /usr/local/src
[root@linux-node1 src]# wget https://pkg.cfssl.org/R1.2/cfssl_linux-amd64
[root@linux-node1 src]# wget https://pkg.cfssl.org/R1.2/cfssljson_linux-amd64
[root@linux-node1 src]# wget https://pkg.cfssl.org/R1.2/cfssl-certinfo_linux-amd64
[root@linux-node1 src]# chmod +x cfssl*
[root@linux-node1 src]# mv cfssl-certinfo_linux-amd64 /opt/kubernetes/bin/cfssl-certinfo
[root@linux-node1 src]# mv cfssljson_linux-amd64  /opt/kubernetes/bin/cfssljson
[root@linux-node1 src]# mv cfssl_linux-amd64  /opt/kubernetes/bin/cfssl
复制cfssl命令文件到k8s-node1和k8s-node2节点。如果实际中多个节点,就都需要同步复制。
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp /opt/kubernetes/bin/cfssl* 192.168.56.12: /opt/kubernetes/bin
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp /opt/kubernetes/bin/cfssl* 192.168.56.13: /opt/kubernetes/bin

2.初始化cfssl

[root@linux-node1 src]# mkdir ssl && cd ssl
[root@linux-node1 ssl]# cfssl print-defaults config > config.json
[root@linux-node1 ssl]# cfssl print-defaults csr > csr.json

3.创建用来生成 CA 文件的 JSON 配置文件

[root@linux-node1 ssl]# vim ca-config.json
{
  "signing": {
    "default": {
      "expiry": "8760h"
    },
    "profiles": {
      "kubernetes": {
        "usages": [
            "signing",
            "key encipherment",
            "server auth",
            "client auth"
        ],
        "expiry": "8760h"
      }
    }
  }
}

4.创建用来生成 CA 证书签名请求(CSR)的 JSON 配置文件

[root@linux-node1 ssl]# vim ca-csr.json
{
  "CN": "kubernetes",
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "BeiJing",
      "L": "BeiJing",
      "O": "k8s",
      "OU": "System"
    }
  ]
}

5.生成CA证书(ca.pem)和密钥(ca-key.pem)

[root@ linux-node1 ssl]# cfssl gencert -initca ca-csr.json | cfssljson -bare ca
[root@ linux-node1 ssl]# ls -l ca*
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  290 Mar  4 13:45 ca-config.json
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1001 Mar  4 14:09 ca.csr
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  208 Mar  4 13:51 ca-csr.json
-rw------- 1 root root 1679 Mar  4 14:09 ca-key.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1359 Mar  4 14:09 ca.pem

6.分发证书

# cp ca.csr ca.pem ca-key.pem ca-config.json /opt/kubernetes/ssl
SCP证书到k8s-node1和k8s-node2节点
# scp ca.csr ca.pem ca-key.pem ca-config.json 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/ssl 
# scp ca.csr ca.pem ca-key.pem ca-config.json 192.168.56.13:/opt/kubernetes/ssl

部署ETCD集群

0.准备etcd软件包

wget https://github.com/coreos/etcd/releases/download/v3.2.18/etcd-v3.2.18-linux-amd64.tar.gz
[root@linux-node1 src]# tar zxf etcd-v3.2.18-linux-amd64.tar.gz
[root@linux-node1 src]# cd etcd-v3.2.18-linux-amd64
[root@linux-node1 etcd-v3.2.18-linux-amd64]# cp etcd etcdctl /opt/kubernetes/bin/ 
[root@linux-node1 etcd-v3.2.18-linux-amd64]# scp etcd etcdctl 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/bin/
[root@linux-node1 etcd-v3.2.18-linux-amd64]# scp etcd etcdctl 192.168.56.13:/opt/kubernetes/bin/

1.创建 etcd 证书签名请求:

 [root@linux-node1 ~]# vim etcd-csr.json
{
  "CN": "etcd",
  "hosts": [
    "127.0.0.1",
"192.168.56.11",
"192.168.56.12",
"192.168.56.13"
  ],
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "BeiJing",
      "L": "BeiJing",
      "O": "k8s",
      "OU": "System"
    }
  ]
}

2.生成 etcd 证书和私钥:

[root@linux-node1 ~]# cfssl gencert -ca=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem \
  -ca-key=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca-key.pem \
  -config=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca-config.json \
  -profile=kubernetes etcd-csr.json | cfssljson -bare etcd
会生成以下证书文件
[root@k8s-master ~]# ls -l etcd*
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1045 Mar  5 11:27 etcd.csr
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  257 Mar  5 11:25 etcd-csr.json
-rw------- 1 root root 1679 Mar  5 11:27 etcd-key.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1419 Mar  5 11:27 etcd.pem

3.将证书移动到/opt/kubernetes/ssl目录下

[root@k8s-master ~]# cp etcd*.pem /opt/kubernetes/ssl
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp etcd*.pem 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/ssl
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp etcd*.pem 192.168.56.13:/opt/kubernetes/ssl
[root@k8s-master ~]# rm -f etcd.csr etcd-csr.json

4.设置ETCD配置文件

[root@linux-node1 ~]# vim /opt/kubernetes/cfg/etcd.conf
#[member]
ETCD_NAME="etcd-node1"
ETCD_DATA_DIR="/var/lib/etcd/default.etcd"
#ETCD_SNAPSHOT_COUNTER="10000"
#ETCD_HEARTBEAT_INTERVAL="100"
#ETCD_ELECTION_TIMEOUT="1000"
ETCD_LISTEN_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.56.11:2380"
ETCD_LISTEN_CLIENT_URLS="https://192.168.56.11:2379,https://127.0.0.1:2379"
#ETCD_MAX_SNAPSHOTS="5"
#ETCD_MAX_WALS="5"
#ETCD_CORS=""
#[cluster]
ETCD_INITIAL_ADVERTISE_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.56.11:2380"
# if you use different ETCD_NAME (e.g. test),
# set ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER value for this name, i.e. "test=http://..."
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER="etcd-node1=https://192.168.56.11:2380,etcd-node2=https://192.168.56.12:2380,etcd-node3=https://192.168.56.13:2380"
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_STATE="new"
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_TOKEN="k8s-etcd-cluster"
ETCD_ADVERTISE_CLIENT_URLS="https://192.168.56.11:2379"
#[security]
CLIENT_CERT_AUTH="true"
ETCD_CA_FILE="/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem"
ETCD_CERT_FILE="/opt/kubernetes/ssl/etcd.pem"
ETCD_KEY_FILE="/opt/kubernetes/ssl/etcd-key.pem"
PEER_CLIENT_CERT_AUTH="true"
ETCD_PEER_CA_FILE="/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem"
ETCD_PEER_CERT_FILE="/opt/kubernetes/ssl/etcd.pem"
ETCD_PEER_KEY_FILE="/opt/kubernetes/ssl/etcd-key.pem"

5.创建ETCD系统服务

[root@linux-node1 ~]# vim /etc/systemd/system/etcd.service
[Unit]
Description=Etcd Server
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=simple
WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/etcd
EnvironmentFile=-/opt/kubernetes/cfg/etcd.conf
# set GOMAXPROCS to number of processors
ExecStart=/bin/bash -c "GOMAXPROCS=$(nproc) /opt/kubernetes/bin/etcd"
Type=notify

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

6.重新加载系统服务

[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl daemon-reload
[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl enable etcd

# scp /opt/kubernetes/cfg/etcd.conf 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/cfg/
# scp /etc/systemd/system/etcd.service 192.168.56.12:/etc/systemd/system/
# scp /opt/kubernetes/cfg/etcd.conf 192.168.56.13:/opt/kubernetes/cfg/
# scp /etc/systemd/system/etcd.service 192.168.56.13:/etc/systemd/system/
在所有节点上创建etcd存储目录并启动etcd
[root@linux-node1 ~]# mkdir /var/lib/etcd
[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl start etcd
[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl status etcd

下面需要大家在所有的 etcd 节点重复上面的步骤,直到所有机器的 etcd 服务都已启动。

7.验证集群

[root@linux-node1 ~]# etcdctl --endpoints=https://192.168.56.11:2379 \
  --ca-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem \
  --cert-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/etcd.pem \
  --key-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/etcd-key.pem cluster-health
member 435fb0a8da627a4c is healthy: got healthy result from https://192.168.56.12:2379
member 6566e06d7343e1bb is healthy: got healthy result from https://192.168.56.11:2379
member ce7b884e428b6c8c is healthy: got healthy result from https://192.168.56.13:2379
cluster is healthy

1.部署Kubernetes API服务部署

0.准备软件包

[root@linux-node1 ~]# cd /usr/local/src/kubernetes
[root@linux-node1 kubernetes]# cp server/bin/kube-apiserver /opt/kubernetes/bin/
[root@linux-node1 kubernetes]# cp server/bin/kube-controller-manager /opt/kubernetes/bin/
[root@linux-node1 kubernetes]# cp server/bin/kube-scheduler /opt/kubernetes/bin/

1.创建生成CSR的 JSON 配置文件

[root@linux-node1 src]# vim kubernetes-csr.json
{
  "CN": "kubernetes",
  "hosts": [
    "127.0.0.1",
    "192.168.56.11",
    "10.1.0.1",
    "kubernetes",
    "kubernetes.default",
    "kubernetes.default.svc",
    "kubernetes.default.svc.cluster",
    "kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local"
  ],
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "BeiJing",
      "L": "BeiJing",
      "O": "k8s",
      "OU": "System"
    }
  ]
}

2.生成 kubernetes 证书和私钥

 [root@linux-node1 src]# cfssl gencert -ca=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem \
   -ca-key=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca-key.pem \
   -config=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca-config.json \
   -profile=kubernetes kubernetes-csr.json | cfssljson -bare kubernetes
[root@linux-node1 src]# cp kubernetes*.pem /opt/kubernetes/ssl/
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp kubernetes*.pem 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/ssl/
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp kubernetes*.pem 192.168.56.13:/opt/kubernetes/ssl/

3.创建 kube-apiserver 使用的客户端 token 文件

[root@linux-node1 ~]#  head -c 16 /dev/urandom | od -An -t x | tr -d ' '
ad6d5bb607a186796d8861557df0d17f 
[root@linux-node1 ~]# vim /opt/kubernetes/ssl/ bootstrap-token.csv
ad6d5bb607a186796d8861557df0d17f,kubelet-bootstrap,10001,"system:kubelet-bootstrap"

4.创建基础用户名/密码认证配置

[root@linux-node1 ~]# vim /opt/kubernetes/ssl/basic-auth.csv
admin,admin,1
readonly,readonly,2

5.部署Kubernetes API Server

[root@linux-node1 ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-apiserver.service
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes API Server
Documentation=https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/kubernetes
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/opt/kubernetes/bin/kube-apiserver \
  --admission-control=NamespaceLifecycle,LimitRanger,ServiceAccount,DefaultStorageClass,ResourceQuota,NodeRestriction \
  --bind-address=192.168.56.11 \
  --insecure-bind-address=127.0.0.1 \
  --authorization-mode=Node,RBAC \
  --runtime-config=rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1 \
  --kubelet-https=true \
  --anonymous-auth=false \
  --basic-auth-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/basic-auth.csv \
  --enable-bootstrap-token-auth \
  --token-auth-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/bootstrap-token.csv \
  --service-cluster-ip-range=10.1.0.0/16 \
  --service-node-port-range=20000-40000 \
  --tls-cert-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/kubernetes.pem \
  --tls-private-key-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/kubernetes-key.pem \
  --client-ca-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem \
  --service-account-key-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca-key.pem \
  --etcd-cafile=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem \
  --etcd-certfile=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/kubernetes.pem \
  --etcd-keyfile=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/kubernetes-key.pem \
  --etcd-servers=https://192.168.56.11:2379,https://192.168.56.12:2379,https://192.168.56.13:2379 \
  --enable-swagger-ui=true \
  --allow-privileged=true \
  --audit-log-maxage=30 \
  --audit-log-maxbackup=3 \
  --audit-log-maxsize=100 \
  --audit-log-path=/opt/kubernetes/log/api-audit.log \
  --event-ttl=1h \
  --v=2 \
  --logtostderr=false \
  --log-dir=/opt/kubernetes/log
Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=5
Type=notify
LimitNOFILE=65536

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

6.启动API Server服务

[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl daemon-reload
[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl enable kube-apiserver
[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl start kube-apiserver

查看API Server服务状态

[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl status kube-apiserver

部署Controller Manager服务

[root@linux-node1 ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-controller-manager.service
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Controller Manager
Documentation=https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/kubernetes

[Service]
ExecStart=/opt/kubernetes/bin/kube-controller-manager \
  --address=127.0.0.1 \
  --master=http://127.0.0.1:8080 \
  --allocate-node-cidrs=true \
  --service-cluster-ip-range=10.1.0.0/16 \
  --cluster-cidr=10.2.0.0/16 \
  --cluster-name=kubernetes \
  --cluster-signing-cert-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem \
  --cluster-signing-key-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca-key.pem \
  --service-account-private-key-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca-key.pem \
  --root-ca-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem \
  --leader-elect=true \
  --v=2 \
  --logtostderr=false \
  --log-dir=/opt/kubernetes/log

Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=5

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

3.启动Controller Manager

[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl daemon-reload
[root@linux-node1 scripts]# systemctl enable kube-controller-manager
[root@linux-node1 scripts]# systemctl start kube-controller-manager

4.查看服务状态

[root@linux-node1 scripts]# systemctl status kube-controller-manager

部署Kubernetes Scheduler

[root@linux-node1 ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-scheduler.service
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Scheduler
Documentation=https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/kubernetes

[Service]
ExecStart=/opt/kubernetes/bin/kube-scheduler \
  --address=127.0.0.1 \
  --master=http://127.0.0.1:8080 \
  --leader-elect=true \
  --v=2 \
  --logtostderr=false \
  --log-dir=/opt/kubernetes/log

Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=5

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

2.部署服务

[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl daemon-reload
[root@linux-node1 scripts]# systemctl enable kube-scheduler
[root@linux-node1 scripts]# systemctl start kube-scheduler
[root@linux-node1 scripts]# systemctl status kube-scheduler

部署kubectl 命令行工具

1.准备二进制命令包

[root@linux-node1 ~]# cd /usr/local/src/kubernetes/client/bin
[root@linux-node1 bin]# cp kubectl /opt/kubernetes/bin/

2.创建 admin 证书签名请求

[root@linux-node1 ~]# cd /usr/local/src/ssl/
[root@linux-node1 ssl]# vim admin-csr.json
{
  "CN": "admin",
  "hosts": [],
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "BeiJing",
      "L": "BeiJing",
      "O": "system:masters",
      "OU": "System"
    }
  ]
}

3.生成 admin 证书和私钥:

[root@linux-node1 ssl]# cfssl gencert -ca=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem \
   -ca-key=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca-key.pem \
   -config=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca-config.json \
   -profile=kubernetes admin-csr.json | cfssljson -bare admin
[root@linux-node1 ssl]# ls -l admin*
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1009 Mar  5 12:29 admin.csr
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  229 Mar  5 12:28 admin-csr.json
-rw------- 1 root root 1675 Mar  5 12:29 admin-key.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1399 Mar  5 12:29 admin.pem

[root@linux-node1 src]# mv admin*.pem /opt/kubernetes/ssl/

4.设置集群参数

[root@linux-node1 src]# kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes \
   --certificate-authority=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem \
   --embed-certs=true \
   --server=https://192.168.56.11:6443
Cluster "kubernetes" set.

5.设置客户端认证参数

[root@linux-node1 src]# kubectl config set-credentials admin \
   --client-certificate=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/admin.pem \
   --embed-certs=true \
   --client-key=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/admin-key.pem
User "admin" set.

6.设置上下文参数

[root@linux-node1 src]# kubectl config set-context kubernetes \
   --cluster=kubernetes \
   --user=admin
Context "kubernetes" created.

7.设置默认上下文

[root@linux-node1 src]# kubectl config use-context kubernetes
Switched to context "kubernetes".

8.使用kubectl工具

[root@linux-node1 ~]# kubectl get cs
NAME                 STATUS    MESSAGE             ERROR
controller-manager   Healthy   ok                  
scheduler            Healthy   ok                  
etcd-1               Healthy   {"health":"true"}   
etcd-2               Healthy   {"health":"true"}   
etcd-0               Healthy   {"health":"true"}

部署kubelet

1.二进制包准备
将软件包从linux-node1复制到linux-node2中去。

[root@linux-node1 ~]# cd /usr/local/src/kubernetes/server/bin/
[root@linux-node1 bin]# cp kubelet kube-proxy /opt/kubernetes/bin/
[root@linux-node1 bin]# scp kubelet kube-proxy 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/bin/
[root@linux-node1 bin]# scp kubelet kube-proxy 192.168.56.13:/opt/kubernetes/bin/

2.创建角色绑定

[root@linux-node1 ~]# kubectl create clusterrolebinding kubelet-bootstrap --clusterrole=system:node-bootstrapper --user=kubelet-bootstrap
clusterrolebinding "kubelet-bootstrap" created

3.创建 kubelet bootstrapping kubeconfig 文件
设置集群参数

[root@linux-node1 ~]# kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes \
   --certificate-authority=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem \
   --embed-certs=true \
   --server=https://192.168.56.11:6443 \
   --kubeconfig=bootstrap.kubeconfig
Cluster "kubernetes" set.

设置客户端认证参数

[root@linux-node1 ~]# kubectl config set-credentials kubelet-bootstrap \
   --token=ad6d5bb607a186796d8861557df0d17f \
   --kubeconfig=bootstrap.kubeconfig   
User "kubelet-bootstrap" set.

设置上下文参数

[root@linux-node1 ~]# kubectl config set-context default \
   --cluster=kubernetes \
   --user=kubelet-bootstrap \
   --kubeconfig=bootstrap.kubeconfig
Context "default" created.

选择默认上下文

[root@linux-node1 ~]# kubectl config use-context default --kubeconfig=bootstrap.kubeconfig
Switched to context "default".
[root@linux-node1 kubernetes]# cp bootstrap.kubeconfig /opt/kubernetes/cfg
[root@linux-node1 kubernetes]# scp bootstrap.kubeconfig 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/cfg
[root@linux-node1 kubernetes]# scp bootstrap.kubeconfig 192.168.56.13:/opt/kubernetes/cfg

在所有节点创建cni目录

[root@linux-node2 ~]# mkdir -p /etc/cni/net.d
[root@linux-node2 ~]# vim /etc/cni/net.d/10-default.conf
{
        "name": "flannel",
        "type": "flannel",
        "delegate": {
            "bridge": "docker0",
            "isDefaultGateway": true,
            "mtu": 1400
        }
}

2.创建kubelet目录

[root@linux-node2 ~]# mkdir /var/lib/kubelet

3.创建kubelet服务配置

[root@k8s-node2 ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kubelet.service
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Kubelet
Documentation=https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/kubernetes
After=docker.service
Requires=docker.service

[Service]
WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/kubelet
ExecStart=/opt/kubernetes/bin/kubelet \
  --address=192.168.56.12 \
  --hostname-override=192.168.56.12 \
  --pod-infra-container-image=mirrorgooglecontainers/pause-amd64:3.0 \
  --experimental-bootstrap-kubeconfig=/opt/kubernetes/cfg/bootstrap.kubeconfig \
  --kubeconfig=/opt/kubernetes/cfg/kubelet.kubeconfig \
  --cert-dir=/opt/kubernetes/ssl \
  --network-plugin=cni \
  --cni-conf-dir=/etc/cni/net.d \
  --cni-bin-dir=/opt/kubernetes/bin/cni \
  --cluster-dns=10.1.0.2 \
  --cluster-domain=cluster.local. \
  --hairpin-mode hairpin-veth \
  --allow-privileged=true \
  --fail-swap-on=false \
  --logtostderr=true \
  --v=2 \
  --logtostderr=false \
  --log-dir=/opt/kubernetes/log
Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=5

4.启动Kubelet

[root@linux-node2 ~]# systemctl daemon-reload
[root@linux-node2 ~]# systemctl enable kubelet
[root@linux-node2 ~]# systemctl start kubelet

5.查看服务状态

[root@linux-node2 kubernetes]# systemctl status kubelet

6.查看csr请求
注意是在linux-node1上执行。

[root@linux-node1 ~]# kubectl get csr
NAME                                                   AGE       REQUESTOR           CONDITION
node-csr-0_w5F1FM_la_SeGiu3Y5xELRpYUjjT2icIFk9gO9KOU   1m        kubelet-bootstrap   Pending

7.批准kubelet 的 TLS 证书请求

[root@linux-node1 ~]# kubectl get csr|grep 'Pending' | awk 'NR>0{print $1}'| xargs kubectl certificate approve

执行完毕后,查看节点状态已经是Ready的状态了
[root@linux-node1 ssl]# kubectl get node
NAME STATUS ROLES AGE VERSION

部署Kubernetes Proxy

1.配置kube-proxy使用LVS

[root@linux-node2 ~]# yum install -y ipvsadm ipset conntrack

2.创建 kube-proxy 证书请求

[root@linux-node1 ~]# cd /usr/local/src/ssl/
[root@linux-node1 ~]# vim kube-proxy-csr.json
{
  "CN": "system:kube-proxy",
  "hosts": [],
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "BeiJing",
      "L": "BeiJing",
      "O": "k8s",
      "OU": "System"
    }
  ]
}

3.生成证书

[root@linux-node1~]# cfssl gencert -ca=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem \
   -ca-key=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca-key.pem \
   -config=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca-config.json \
   -profile=kubernetes  kube-proxy-csr.json | cfssljson -bare kube-proxy

4.分发证书到所有Node节点

[root@linux-node1 ssl]# cp kube-proxy*.pem /opt/kubernetes/ssl/
[root@linux-node1 ssl]# scp kube-proxy*.pem 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/ssl/
[root@linux-node1 ssl]# scp kube-proxy*.pem 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/ssl/

5.创建kube-proxy配置文件

[root@linux-node2 ~]# kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes \
   --certificate-authority=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem \
   --embed-certs=true \
   --server=https://192.168.56.11:6443 \
   --kubeconfig=kube-proxy.kubeconfig
Cluster "kubernetes" set.

[root@linux-node2 ~]# kubectl config set-credentials kube-proxy \
   --client-certificate=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/kube-proxy.pem \
   --client-key=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/kube-proxy-key.pem \
   --embed-certs=true \
   --kubeconfig=kube-proxy.kubeconfig
User "kube-proxy" set.

[root@linux-node2 ~]# kubectl config set-context default \
   --cluster=kubernetes \
   --user=kube-proxy \
   --kubeconfig=kube-proxy.kubeconfig
Context "default" created.

[root@linux-node2 ~]# kubectl config use-context default --kubeconfig=kube-proxy.kubeconfig
Switched to context "default".

6.分发kubeconfig配置文件

[root@linux-node1 ssl]# cp kube-proxy.kubeconfig /opt/kubernetes/cfg/
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp kube-proxy.kubeconfig 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/cfg/
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp kube-proxy.kubeconfig 192.168.56.13:/opt/kubernetes/cfg/

7.创建kube-proxy服务配置

[root@linux-node2 bin]# mkdir /var/lib/kube-proxy

[root@k8s-node2 ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kube-proxy.service
[Unit]
Description=Kubernetes Kube-Proxy Server
Documentation=https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/kubernetes
After=network.target

[Service]
WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/kube-proxy
ExecStart=/opt/kubernetes/bin/kube-proxy \
  --bind-address=192.168.56.12 \
  --hostname-override=192.168.56.12 \
  --kubeconfig=/opt/kubernetes/cfg/kube-proxy.kubeconfig \
--masquerade-all \
  --feature-gates=SupportIPVSProxyMode=true \
  --proxy-mode=ipvs \
  --ipvs-min-sync-period=5s \
  --ipvs-sync-period=5s \
  --ipvs-scheduler=rr \
  --logtostderr=true \
  --v=2 \
  --logtostderr=false \
  --log-dir=/opt/kubernetes/log

Restart=on-failure
RestartSec=5
LimitNOFILE=65536

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
8.启动Kubernetes Proxy
[root@linux-node2 ~]# systemctl daemon-reload
[root@linux-node2 ~]# systemctl enable kube-proxy
[root@linux-node2 ~]# systemctl start kube-proxy

9.查看服务状态
查看kube-proxy服务状态

[root@linux-node2 scripts]# systemctl status kube-proxy

检查LVS状态
[root@linux-node2 ~]# ipvsadm -L -n
IP Virtual Server version 1.2.1 (size=4096)
Prot LocalAddress:Port Scheduler Flags
  -> RemoteAddress:Port           Forward Weight ActiveConn InActConn
TCP  10.1.0.1:443 rr persistent 10800
  -> 192.168.56.11:6443           Masq    1      0          0

如果你在两台实验机器都安装了kubelet和proxy服务,使用下面的命令可以检查状态:

[root@linux-node1 ssl]#  kubectl get node
NAME            STATUS    ROLES     AGE       VERSION
192.168.56.12   Ready     <none>    22m       v1.10.1
192.168.56.13   Ready     <none>    3m        v1.10.1

linux-node3节点请自行部署。

1.为Flannel生成证书

[root@linux-node1 ~]# vim flanneld-csr.json
{
  "CN": "flanneld",
  "hosts": [],
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "BeiJing",
      "L": "BeiJing",
      "O": "k8s",
      "OU": "System"
    }
  ]
}

2.生成证书

[root@linux-node1 ~]# cfssl gencert -ca=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem \
   -ca-key=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca-key.pem \
   -config=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca-config.json \
   -profile=kubernetes flanneld-csr.json | cfssljson -bare flanneld

3.分发证书

[root@linux-node1 ~]# cp flanneld*.pem /opt/kubernetes/ssl/
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp flanneld*.pem 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/ssl/
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp flanneld*.pem 192.168.56.13:/opt/kubernetes/ssl/

4.下载Flannel软件包

[root@linux-node1 ~]# cd /usr/local/src
# wget
 https://github.com/coreos/flannel/releases/download/v0.10.0/flannel-v0.10.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz
[root@linux-node1 src]# tar zxf flannel-v0.10.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz
[root@linux-node1 src]# cp flanneld mk-docker-opts.sh /opt/kubernetes/bin/
复制到linux-node2节点
[root@linux-node1 src]# scp flanneld mk-docker-opts.sh 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/bin/
[root@linux-node1 src]# scp flanneld mk-docker-opts.sh 192.168.56.13:/opt/kubernetes/bin/
复制对应脚本到/opt/kubernetes/bin目录下。
[root@linux-node1 ~]# cd /usr/local/src/kubernetes/cluster/centos/node/bin/
[root@linux-node1 bin]# cp remove-docker0.sh /opt/kubernetes/bin/
[root@linux-node1 bin]# scp remove-docker0.sh 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/bin/
[root@linux-node1 bin]# scp remove-docker0.sh 192.168.56.13:/opt/kubernetes/bin/

5.配置Flannel

[root@linux-node1 ~]# vim /opt/kubernetes/cfg/flannel
FLANNEL_ETCD="-etcd-endpoints=https://192.168.56.11:2379,https://192.168.56.12:2379,https://192.168.56.13:2379"
FLANNEL_ETCD_KEY="-etcd-prefix=/kubernetes/network"
FLANNEL_ETCD_CAFILE="--etcd-cafile=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem"
FLANNEL_ETCD_CERTFILE="--etcd-certfile=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/flanneld.pem"
FLANNEL_ETCD_KEYFILE="--etcd-keyfile=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/flanneld-key.pem"
复制配置到其它节点上
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp /opt/kubernetes/cfg/flannel 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/cfg/
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp /opt/kubernetes/cfg/flannel 192.168.56.13:/opt/kubernetes/cfg/

6.设置Flannel系统服务

[root@linux-node1 ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/flannel.service
[Unit]
Description=Flanneld overlay address etcd agent
After=network.target
Before=docker.service

[Service]
EnvironmentFile=-/opt/kubernetes/cfg/flannel
ExecStartPre=/opt/kubernetes/bin/remove-docker0.sh
ExecStart=/opt/kubernetes/bin/flanneld ${FLANNEL_ETCD} ${FLANNEL_ETCD_KEY} ${FLANNEL_ETCD_CAFILE} ${FLANNEL_ETCD_CERTFILE} ${FLANNEL_ETCD_KEYFILE}
ExecStartPost=/opt/kubernetes/bin/mk-docker-opts.sh -d /run/flannel/docker

Type=notify

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
RequiredBy=docker.service
复制系统服务脚本到其它节点上
# scp /usr/lib/systemd/system/flannel.service 192.168.56.12:/usr/lib/systemd/system/
# scp /usr/lib/systemd/system/flannel.service 192.168.56.13:/usr/lib/systemd/system/

Flannel CNI集成

下载CNI插件

https://github.com/containernetworking/plugins/releases
wget https://github.com/containernetworking/plugins/releases/download/v0.7.1/cni-plugins-amd64-v0.7.1.tgz
[root@linux-node1 ~]# mkdir /opt/kubernetes/bin/cni
[root@linux-node1 src]# tar zxf cni-plugins-amd64-v0.7.1.tgz -C /opt/kubernetes/bin/cni
# scp -r /opt/kubernetes/bin/cni/* 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/bin/cni/
# scp -r /opt/kubernetes/bin/cni/* 192.168.56.13:/opt/kubernetes/bin/cni/

创建Etcd的key

/opt/kubernetes/bin/etcdctl --ca-file /opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem --cert-file /opt/kubernetes/ssl/flanneld.pem --key-file /opt/kubernetes/ssl/flanneld-key.pem \
      --no-sync -C https://192.168.56.11:2379,https://192.168.56.12:2379,https://192.168.56.13:2379 \
mk /kubernetes/network/config '{ "Network": "10.2.0.0/16", "Backend": { "Type": "vxlan", "VNI": 1 }}' >/dev/null 2>&1

启动flannel

[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl daemon-reload
[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl enable flannel
[root@linux-node1 ~]# chmod +x /opt/kubernetes/bin/*
[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl start flannel

查看服务状态

[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl status flannel

配置Docker使用Flannel

[root@linux-node1 ~]# vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service
[Unit] #在Unit下面修改After和增加Requires
After=network-online.target firewalld.service flannel.service
Wants=network-online.target
Requires=flannel.service

[Service] #增加EnvironmentFile=-/run/flannel/docker
Type=notify
EnvironmentFile=-/run/flannel/docker
ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd $DOCKER_OPTS

将配置复制到另外两个阶段

# scp /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service 192.168.56.12:/usr/lib/systemd/system/
# scp /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service 192.168.56.13:/usr/lib/systemd/system/

重启Docker

[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl daemon-reload
[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl restart docker

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